The Rathcroghan landscape consists of over 240 archaeological sites, 60 of which are recorded as National Monuments. These monuments are scattered over a landscape of approximately 6.5 square kilometers. Many of the archaeological sites comprise of enclosures, barrows, mounds, and pillar stones but there are also numerous other features such as ancient trackways, townland boundaries, field systems and the unusual pits (the pit-fields), characteristic of the area.
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Farming in Rathcroghan
The Rathcroghan area is traditionally associated with cattle and in particular beef production, this remains the bedrock of the Rathcroghan farming economy to the present day. In fact, 80% of the farmers engaged in the Farming Rathcroghan project stock cattle, either as pure beef system or in mixed beef and sheep production systems. The farms in the area are relatively small, the average farm size is below 30 hectares, and many of the farms are fragmented.